A SOLAR storm has hit Earth over the weekend, causing a temporary disruption of the planet’s magnetosphere.
The storm was caused by an unexpected Coronal Mass Ejection (CME) that was embedded in the solar wind, according to The Express.
A CME occurs when the sun emits a cloud of charged particles and electromagnetic oscillations from the atmosphere.
They are one of the most powerful forms of a solar storm.
“A minor G1-class geomagnetic storm erupted around midnight (UT) June 25-26,” according to experts at Spaceweather.com.
«Forecasters are not sure why. The main suspect is an unexpected CME built into the solar wind.
“So far, no northern lights have been reported from the six-hour storm.”
Since the solar storm was classified as G1, it is small and will only cause slight mains fluctuations and minor impacts on satellite communications.
Space expert Dr. Tamitha Skov said on Twitter on Saturday: “Fast solar wind hits the earth!
“Expect turbulent to stormy conditions for the next 48-72 hours.
“# aurora fighters with high latitude should get good shows with sporadic views at medium latitudes.
“Amateur radio operators are looking for minor interference and Northern Lights scattering throughout the #FieldDay weekend.”
When CME is directed towards the earth, it increases the northern lights and the australis.
These natural light shows are generated when particles from the solar wind excite atoms in the earth’s upper atmosphere, causing them to glow.
The resulting wavy patterns often resemble light curtains, usually in the colors green and pink, as you see in the Northern Lights.
Another type of solar storm is solar flames. “A solar flame is an intense eruption of radiation, or light, on the sun,” according to NASA.
“Solar flames are a sudden explosion of energy caused by the entanglement, crossing, or reorganization of magnetic field lines near sunspots.”
A huge sunspot was discovered last week on June 20.
“Today it’s huge. The fast-growing sunspot has doubled in size in just 24 hours,” SpaceWeather.com reported.
“The explosive heat of a solar flame cannot reach all the way to our planet, but electromagnetic radiation and energetic particles can certainly do that,” NASA explained.
“Solar flames can temporarily change the upper atmosphere and create interference with signal transmission from, for example, a GPS satellite to Earth, which causes it to be many meters away.”